• Places and Forms of Power<o:p></o:p>




    - the white house<o:p></o:p>

    - the “élysée”<o:p></o:p>

    - 10, downing street<o:p></o:p>

    - capital cities<o:p></o:p>

    - banks<o:p></o:p>

    - firms<o:p></o:p>

    - monuments<o:p></o:p>

    - world trade center ( 11th September 2001)<o:p></o:p>

    - stock exchanges<o:p></o:p>

    - churches<o:p></o:p>


    Forms of Power<o:p></o:p>

    - moral<o:p></o:p>

    - economical<o:p></o:p>

    - social<o:p></o:p>

    - physical<o:p></o:p>

    - political<o:p></o:p>

    - religious<o:p></o:p>

    - military<o:p></o:p>

    - cultural<o:p></o:p>

    - tyranny with fear<o:p></o:p>

    - terrorism with war<o:p></o:p>

    - democracy<o:p></o:p>

    - monarchy<o:p></o:p>

    - natural ressources<o:p></o:p>

    - official organisation + advertising è manipulation<o:p></o:p>

    - persuasion with corruption<o:p></o:p>

    - the media with internet, the press …<o:p></o:p>

    - inequality with riots, rebellion, demonstration è wars<o:p></o:p>

    - intelligence<o:p></o:p>


    Power is exercised by a person or a group of people in a society through various complex relations either imposed or accepted<o:p></o:p>

    Power also implies opposition it can then be limited or resisted<o:p></o:p>


    “The essence of Government is power; and power, lodged as it must be in human hands, will ever be liable to abuse.“ James Madison <o:p></o:p>


    “The media's the most powerful entity on earth. They have the power to make the innocent guilty and to make the guilty innocent, and that's power. Because they control the minds of the masses.” Malcolm X<o:p></o:p>


    The independence of USA<o:p></o:p>

    The declaration of independence was adopted on July 4th 1776 and he was celebrated every year.<o:p></o:p>

    The founding fathers stated the obvious: “all men are equal from birth. They have god-given rights that no one can take away from them”.<o:p></o:p>

    The tone is religious.<o:p></o:p>


    The black codes became laws in Mississippi in 1865: the law states it is forbidden and non-whites to “intermarry”<o:p></o:p>

    Anyone doing so risks being fined or being improned.<o:p></o:p>

    The law created institutionalized segregation and was made to discourage people to mix socially.<o:p></o:p>


    There is a gap between the ideals of the declaration of independence and reality.<o:p></o:p>



    Textes complémentaires:<o:p></o:p>


    Problématiques pour l’Oral de terminale :<o:p></o:p>



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  • Myths and heroes<o:p></o:p>


    Myths <o:p></o:p>

    - A traditional story involving or supernatural heroes<o:p></o:p>

    - A tale / a fable<o:p></o:p>

    - A legend or an urban legend (manga’s)<o:p></o:p>

    - Folklore<o:p></o:p>

    - A popular myth / a symbol / a role model<o:p></o:p>

    - A political myth<o:p></o:p>

    - A sacred narrative<o:p></o:p>

    - An illusion / a lie<o:p></o:p>

    - Used to give models / to teach<o:p></o:p>

    - A story played by heroes<o:p></o:p>

    - Are about civilization <o:p></o:p>



    - A person of superhuman qualities who is admired for his / her courage outstanding achievement<o:p></o:p>

    - A fictional / real hero<o:p></o:p>

    - A generous hero (philanthropist)<o:p></o:p>

    - A saviour<o:p></o:p>

    - The new heroes (icons, superstars, sportsmen, self-made men…)<o:p></o:p>

    - So you want to follow<o:p></o:p>

    - Have you got a goal<o:p></o:p>

    - Makes us dream<o:p></o:p>

    - Have exceptional qualities<o:p></o:p>

    - So who puts her / his life in danger for the good of mankind<o:p></o:p>


    Oprah Winfrey<o:p></o:p>

    - A TV show host : invitees celebrities, for a confession è consecration<o:p></o:p>

    - A producer<o:p></o:p>

    - The most influential US woman<o:p></o:p>

    - One the richest woman<o:p></o:p>

    - She has been a show host for about 30 years<o:p></o:p>

    - She is a loved, talented, charismatic, respected, generous, self-made woman, careful, kind-hearted, helpful, devoted, compassionated and committed <o:p></o:p>

    - She supported Barack Obama and probably offered him victory<o:p></o:p>

    - She is the richest African American woman of the 20th century<o:p></o:p>

    - She is the greatest US philanthropist in the US history<o:p></o:p>

    - She is the world’s only black billionaire<o:p></o:p>


    Film “Looking For Eric” Ken Loach 2009<o:p></o:p>

    The film is a social realist comedy<o:p></o:p>

    There are 2 Eric’s<o:p></o:p>

    Eric :<o:p></o:p>

    - is a middle-aged Manchester postman<o:p></o:p>

    - is depressed, on the verge of a nervous breakdown<o:p></o:p>

    - is struggling, to cope with his own life<o:p></o:p>

    - is divorced for 20 years (Lily)<o:p></o:p>

    - is single but he’s got a full custody of 2 stepsons who are drifting into crime<o:p></o:p>

    - is an anti-hero<o:p></o:p>

    - is talking to himself<o:p></o:p>

    - was looking at a full-length poster and after he has hallucination<o:p></o:p>

    - is smoked weeds / pot , he gets stoned / high<o:p></o:p>

    - a floor board<o:p></o:p>

    - needs motivation / guidance / to be on the right path<o:p></o:p>


    Eric Cantona :<o:p></o:p>

    - is a role model / a myth / a hero / a legend<o:p></o:p>

    - makes Eric open the trunk and his life with Lily<o:p></o:p>

    - makes Eric confront / face his past, his story<o:p></o:p>

    - is a psychological help<o:p></o:p>

    - is a therapist / a coach / a trainer/<o:p></o:p>

    - is mocking himself<o:p></o:p>

    - try to trigger a reaction<o:p></o:p>


    The film are a duality between : <o:p></o:p>

    - fantasy /  reality<o:p></o:p>

    - dreamworld / realism<o:p></o:p>

    - myth / reality<o:p></o:p>


    Textes complémentaires:<o:p></o:p>

    - the King’s speech<o:p></o:p>

    - Barack Obama’s Victory Speech – November 6th 2012<o:p></o:p>

    - “What a great job” (Steve Jobs / Thomas Edison)<o:p></o:p>



    Problématiques pour l’Oral de terminale :<o:p></o:p>


    - How to differenciate a hero from an ordinary person ?<o:p></o:p>


    - How to differnciate a hero from a myth ?<o:p></o:p>


    - How can a hero become a myth ?<o:p></o:p>


    - How can a myth or a hero influence an ordinary person or an entire society ?<o:p></o:p>


    - How did the notion of myths and hero evolve throughout centuries ?<o:p></o:p>


    - What makes a hero ?<o:p></o:p>


    - Is a myth only built from heroes ?<o:p></o:p>


    - How can ordinary people become heroes / myths after their death ?<o:p></o:p>


    - Would rather copy your heroes or exceed them ?<o:p></o:p>


    - Why do people need myths and heroes in their life ?<o:p></o:p>


    - Is it better to be a hero or to be a myth ? <o:p></o:p>


    - Is it good to dream of being a hero or a myth ?<o:p></o:p>


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